Simla Agreement Map

In 1963, Pakistan signed an agreement with China and ceded about 2,000 square kilometers in northern Kashmir to China, which has held all this ever since. In his letter [January 23, 1959], Zhou made the following points to Nehru for the first time. First, that the Sino-Indian border had never been formally demarcated and no contract or agreement had been concluded between the Chinese central government and the Indian government. Second, that the McMahon Line was a product of The British policy of aggression against the Tibetan region of China. Third, Zhou acknowledged that local Tibetan authorities had signed the convention, but were unhappy with the „unilaterally drawn“ line. Nevertheless, Zhou said that „the Chinese government believes it is necessary to adopt a realistic attitude towards the McMahon Line.“ This resolution means, Nehru told the delegation, that any „no man`s land“ – if it were not demarcated by the ceasefire agreement – would be part of India due to the legal merger of Jammu and Kashmir with India. During the 1965 war, India and Pakistan occupied the territories of the other – India conquered more than 750 square miles, while Pakistan recaptured about 200 square miles. But with the Tashkent agreement, the two soldiers returned to their previous positions, including along the Line of Control. Pakistan claims that the Siachen Glacier is part of the part of Jammu and Kashmir that was placed under its control under the ceasefire line (Karachi 1949) and the line of control (Shimla in 1972).

As a result, the Line of Control is expected to run from NJ9842 north to the Karakorum Pass, the meeting point of the Indian border with China. Article 5. The Chinese and Tibetan Governments undertake not to enter into negotiations or agreements on Tibet between themselves or with any other Power, with the exception of negotiations and agreements between Great Britain and Tibet, as provided for in the Convention of 7 September 1904 between Great Britain and Tibet and the Convention of 27 April. 1906, between Great Britain and China. As of August 1947, Jammu and Kashmir were a 2.06-square-mile Lakh princely state – larger than California (USA) and comparable to Britain. Two months later, Pakistan invaded Jammu and Kashmir, having signed a status quo agreement with the princely state, which addressed India and signed the instrument of accession. His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the British Overseas Dominions, Emperor of India, His Excellency the President of the Republic of China and His Holiness the Dalai Lama of Tibet, sincerely desiring to resolve by mutual agreement various issues concerning the interests of their various States on the Asian continent, and to regulate the relations of their various Governments, decided to conclude an agreement on this matter and, to this end, appointed their respective proxies, that is, it was the 1971 war between India and Pakistan on the bangladesh issue that transformed the ceasefire line into a line of control (LoC), as is known today. There was no LoC before the signing of the Shimla Agreement between India and Pakistan in 1972. The agreement also virtually rejected the UN resolution, with the two countries agreeing to resolve all disputes through bilateral negotiations. This Agreement shall be subject to ratification by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and shall enter into force from the date of exchange of instruments of ratification.

[4] The Delhi Agreement on the Repatriation of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between the above-mentioned states, signed on 28 August 1973. . . .