Annalisa Savaresi The Paris Agreement A New Beginning

51 Z.B., Anne-Marie Slaughter, The Paris Approach to Global Governance, Project Syndicate (December 28, 2015), www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/paris-agreement-model-for-global-governance-by-anne-marie-slaughter-2015-12. 54 Vienna Convention on Treaty Law, Art. 2, paragraph 1, under a), 23 May 1969, 1155 UNTS 331 (definition of the treaty as an „international convention between states in writing and by international law), . whatever its particular name“). 7 David Roberts, The Conceptual Breakthrough Behind the Paris Climate Treaty, VOX (December 15, 2015), www.vox.com/2015/12/15/10172238/paris-climate-treaty-conceptual-breakthrough. 92 Victor, David G. – Kennel, Charles F., Ditch the 2c Warming Goal, 514 Nature 30, 30-31 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar; see also Victor, David G., Why Paris Worked: A Different Approach to Climate Diplomacy, Environment 360 (Dec. 15, 2015), at e360.yale.edu/feature/why_paris_worked_a_different_approach_to_climate_diplomacy/2940/ Google Scholar (the 1.5 C target is „ridiculous“); Michael Le Page, Paris Deal Is Agreed-But Is It Really Good Enough?, New Scientist (December 12, 2015) at www.newscientist.com/article/dn28663-paris-climate-deal-is-agreed-but-is-it-really-good-enough/ (Quote by Michael Grubb, that „delivering 1.5 degrees C is simply incompatible with democracy“). 40 Thus, the text circulated in the middle of last week had only about fifty brackets compared to the nine hundred brackets in the text sent by the ADP to ministers at the beginning of the week. You will find in the Paris Agreement a follow-up of the parentheses in successive draft negotiations. ORG in parisagreement.org (the last visit took place on 15.04.2016).

200 Z.B., Henrik Selin – Adil Najam, Paris Agreement on Climate Change: Good, Evil and Ugly, The Conversation (14.12.2015), described in theconversation.com/paris-agreement-on-climate-change-the-good-the-bad-and-the-ugly-52242 (and Paris described as „refreshing transparency“). 198 Z.B. The Paris Agreement marks unprecedented political recognition of the risks of climate change, Economist (12 December 2015), in www.economist.com/news/international/21683990-paris-agreement-climate-change-talks (Paris is „far from the yawning confusion of the Copenhagen climate summit“); Harvey, supra note 10 (the contrast between Paris and Copenhagen „could not have been greater“); Savaresi, Annalisa, The Paris Agreement: A New Beginning?, 34 J. Energy Nat. Res. L. 16, 18 (2016)Google Scholar (described Copenhagen as „the lowest in the history of the climate regime“). 19 At the United Nations signing ceremony on 22 April 2016, 175 countries signed the Paris Agreement, which appears to have ever signed an international treaty in a single day. A list of signatories can be accessed at www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/blog/2016/04/parisagreementsingatures/.

Only Nicaragua expressed objections to the agreement at the last cop-21 plenary session and at the signing ceremony. See statement by Paul Oquist Kelley, Minister, Private Secretary for National Policy to the President of Nicaragua, at the high-level signing ceremony (22 April 2016) in webtv.un.org/search/paul-oquist-kelley-nicargua-high-level-signature-ceremony-for-the-paris-agreement-national-statements/4858083079001?term=Nicaragua. 194 Tom Switzer, Paris Agreement Is a Triumph of Hope over Facts, Sydney Morning Herald (Dec.